In 2017, facing the profound changes in the world economy, China bravely established its position and the structural reform on the supply side has been steadily pushed forward, deepening the reform in an all-round way and releasing the vitality and resilience of the economy. China has been home to the world's largest trade country for goods for many years in succession. China's contribution to world economic growth has exceeded 30%.
This year, many important moments and scenes have become testimony to China's new economic height.
High-end "Made in China"
At 12:34 on December 17, the second domestic large aircraft C919 landed steadily at Shanghai's Pudong International Airport. The first flight was successful and the victory was successfully triumphant. The process of soaring blue sky made by domestic big aircraft has crossed an important node.
In 2017, it witnessed a major breakthrough in high-end manufacturing in China: On May 5, the first domestic large aircraft C919 made its first successful flight at Pudong International Airport. On November 10, the first large aircraft transitioned to Shaanxi Yanliang Airport.
Millions of fine components cover the high-end manufacturing of almost all industrial categories - large airliners are called "pearl of industrial crown." C919 aircraft is our country in accordance with international standards of airworthiness developed independently of the large aircraft. At present, we already have 785 orders from 27 domestic and foreign customers. China has become one of the few countries in the world to master the technology of large passenger aircraft for research and development.
Courage, perseverance, and unswerving momentum ... are the quintessential Chinese products that China has always maintained in the process of moving from low-end to high-end, bringing about major changes in the "Made in China" new era.
Accelerate the equipment manufacturing industry to intelligent, high-end transformation, promote quietly the evolution of traditional industries, not only the story of the southeast coast, but also is becoming the northeast and other old industrial base of the new temperament.
In the "Digitized Unmanned Factory" of Shenyang Xinsong Robot Company, the red robotic arm was writhing regularly and the yellow intelligent logistics car was driving quietly. The robot was completing the warehousing, logistics, assembly, spraying and testing processes in an orderly manner. With the tide of intelligent manufacturing, Sinoshu significantly increased R & D investment, robot products in the domestic market share far ahead. In addition, Shenyang's intelligent machine tools are widely used in China to build a number of high-end equipment such as "ZhiZaoGu" and one hundred thousand air separation compressors to break overseas monopolies, export large quantities of complete sets of equipment such as mines and metallurgy ... In Liaoning, equipment manufacturing Change the "rough" "stupid" traditional image to super-strength innovation led to the rise of high-end equipment quietly.
The latest foreign trade import and export data this year show that the mechanical and electrical products are the new force of China's export products. In the first 11 months, China's export of electromechanical products was 8.05 trillion yuan, up 12.6%, accounting for 58.1% of the total export value. Among them, the export of electrical appliances and electronic products was 3.61 trillion yuan, up by 10.7%; that of machinery and equipment was 2.35 trillion yuan, up by 15.5%; that of vehicles was 930,000, up by 43.6%.
The report of the 19th NPC pointed out that innovation is the first impetus to development and a strategic support for building a modern economic system. Under the guidance of innovation, the Chinese manufacturing is creating a new "constitution" and the real economy is gathering new momentum.
A higher level of open economy
Winter season, the Loess Plateau wind whirling. A column of Dongfeng 7C diesel locomotives docked at the railroad tracks of Nankan North Station in Lanzhou New Area. The inspectors at the station are using the terms to organize the Central European train. With the volume of goods entering and leaving the station is increasing, Nakagawa North Station became a "express distribution center."
Since 2015, "Lanzhou" Central Asia International Freight Trains started, Lanzhou New Area Nakagawa North Station have been opened and run "Lanzhou - Hamburg - Lanzhou," China and Europe round-trip freight train, as well as the first domestic "Hertz - Lanzhou New Area" The refrigerated container Central Europe Banlie, and Russia, Germany and other nearly 40 countries have carried out economic and trade cooperation, nearly 20 products are sold to Europe, Central and Western Asia and other countries and regions.
Let the power of development continue, so that the light of civilization shine. The Belt and Road Initiative outperformed expectations and benefited the world. In Ethiopia, the first full complement of Hyundai Electrified Railway built in China with Chinese standards and equipment in China has been opened to traffic and the history of African railways has opened up a whole new page. In Kenya, the largest port connecting East Africa to Mombasa and the capital of Kenya, Nairobi The Inner Mongolia Railway is the largest infrastructural project ever built in the region for more than half a century. In the Arctic, the major project of Sino-Russian cooperation, the Yamal LNG project was officially put into operation, opening up the Arctic Channel and boosting the "Silk Road on Ice." ...
In the first 11 months of this year, China's import and export volume increased by 15.6% over the same period of last year, reversing the negative growth for two consecutive years and further stabilizing the momentum of recovery.
Starting from December 1 this year, China will reduce the import tariff on some consumer goods and reduce the average tax rate from 17.3% to 7.7%. This will satisfy the demand of domestic residents for consumer upgrading and allow more countries and enterprises to share the economic growth and prosperity of China Bonus
Since the 18th CPC National Congress, China has implemented a more proactive strategy of opening up. The national inventory management system for pre-accessions and negative bills has been fully implemented and the construction of a free trade area has been steadily promoted. 11 free trade pilot areas such as Shanghai, Guangdong and Tianjin, A total of 12 cross-border e-commerce pilot zones have been set up, with the free trade zone as a platform for a large number of explorations, an open economy to speed up construction, and the business environment of legalization, internationalization and facilitation has been continuously improved. "State Council Development Research Center Long Guoqiang, deputy director, pointed out that as a newly emerging nation, China's economic hard power has risen while the voice and influence in the global governance system have been greatly enhanced.
The report of the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party made it clear that the opening up will bring about progress and the closure will inevitably lag behind. The road map for the coming period of time has been painted to create a new pattern of full opening up.
More dynamic and innovative system
On December 5, the Fourth World Internet Conference came to an end in Wuzhen, Zhejiang Province. The conference released the Blue Book "World Internet Development Report 2017" and "China Internet Development Report 2017" for the first time. Released two fruitful documents, "Prospect of Wuzhen" and "Best Practice Case of World Internet Development 2017". The number of Internet projects docking 1,200, more than 13 billion yuan project site contract.
Wuzhen's testimony, China's brilliant, Xiaoqiao passing out of the "Chinese voice" powerful. World Internet Conference has become the world's leading technology convergence and vane.
The tidal wave of digitization swept through China and beat all walks of life to bring tremendous transformational opportunities for the Chinese economy and enhance efficiency and productivity as well as the global competitiveness of Chinese enterprises. The tide of this wave is overwhelming. While directly benefiting the Chinese people, it also benefits consumers all over the world.
"China is already a global leader in digital technology and has tremendous future potential." A report recently released by the McKinsey Global Institute states that ten years ago, China's retail electricity trader volume was less than 1% of the global total and now accounts for Over 40%. It is estimated that at present, China's retail electricity supplier turnover has surpassed the sum of the United States, Britain, France, Germany, Japan and other five countries.
One-third of the 262 Unicorns (private start-ups valued at more than $ 1 billion) worldwide are Chinese. The total valuation of these Chinese enterprises accounted for 43% of the global "Unicorn."
"After the global financial crisis, under the background of the global economic downturn, it is very rare for China's economy to sustain its moderate and high-speed growth." Long Guoqiang pointed out that China's economic development has entered a new normal and that through comprehensively deepening the reform, supply-side structural The reform has been carried out in a down-to-earth manner. The transformation and upgrading of China's economy are accelerating. New technologies, new products and new formats are emerging in an endless stream. Seize the opportunity of the world's new technological revolution, the transformation of traditional industries is accelerating, the R & D innovation and industrialization of cutting-edge technologies have attracted global attention.
At present, China has become the world's largest mobile Internet market. As of June 2017, the scale of China's mobile Internet users reached 724 million, with the proportion of Internet users using mobile phones as high as 96.3%. The huge network effect of user needs has brought about a wide range of innovations. Emerging areas such as e-commerce, online payment, shared cycling and artificial intelligence are rapidly rebuilding each Chinese lifestyle and creating a digital wave in everyday life.
The report of the 19th National Congress of the CPC emphasized that we must provide strong support for building a network powerhouse, a powerful transportation power, digital China and a smart society. China's digital economy will enter the fast lane.